A chipset is basically an integrated circuit that brings together all the components of a computer on one chip. It also commonly referred to as the System on Chip (SoC). The chipset on a phone consists of the processor (CPU), memory controller, GPU (Graphics Processing Unit), modem and a few other controllers. They are all built-in this one chip, referred to as the chipset. Common chipsets installed in phones today include Qualcomm Snapdragon, MediaTek, Exynos (by Samsung) and Kirin (by Huawei).
Mediatek MT6779 Helio P90 (12nm)
CPU is a circuit that executes computer programs. Your phone’s CPU is in charge of executing your apps. One of the main characteristics of the CPU is its clock rate. It is usually measured in Gigahertz (GHz). This is an important feature to look at when comparing phones with the same processor generation and family. The type of CPU on your phone has a big effect on your smartphone’s performance and user experience.
Octa-core (2x2.2 GHz Cortex-A75 & 6x2.0 GHz Cortex-A55)
Graphics Processing Unit, abbreviated GPU, is a circuit that accelerates your phone’s graphic output. They are very efficient in image manipulation. GPU’s are essential parts of chipsets. Today’s GPUs are very advanced as manufacturers are constantly pushing to make the best ever gaming phones.
This is where apps along with their data reside while running. It is used by both the operating system and installed apps. RAM is very fast. It is temporary storage that loses all its data when the phone is switched off.
Fingerprint (under display), accelerometer, gyro, proximity, compass